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国学小讲堂  

2013-04-23 16:54:22|  分类: 默认分类 |  标签: |举报 |字号 订阅

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 默认分类

原文苟不教,性乃迁。教之道,贵以专

大意:如果不从小好好教育孩子,那么他原来善良的本性就会改变。教育孩子的方法最重要的是始终如一,持之以恒。

国学小故事1“伤仲永”的故事

从前有个叫仲永的小孩,天生非常聪明。他七岁时就跟着老师学完了四书五经,他还会写一手很漂亮的字,尤其是他所作的诗,非常优美,而且广为人们传颂。当时,很多的达官贵人都争相请他到家里来作诗,并会给他一些钱财作为报酬。于是,他的父亲为了能够多赚钱,就天天带仲永来往于那些达官贵人的府第之间。就这样,仲永天天出去赚钱而荒废了学业。几年后,他写的诗越来越平淡无奇了,最后变得和普通人一样,原来的聪明才智荡然无存了。

国学小故事2:“铁杵磨成针”的故事

唐朝的李白小时候很聪明,看到不懂的事情,总是想尽办法弄清其中的奥妙。渐渐地,李白就变得很骄傲。

有一天,他逃学了。他看到一位老婆婆蹲在一个大石头旁,正在石头上磨着一根铁棒。李白非常好奇,老婆婆告诉他:“我正在磨一根绣花针。”

李白很惊讶地问:“这么粗的一根铁棒,怎么可能磨成很细的绣花针呢?”老婆婆和蔼地说:“世上无难事,只怕有心人。我们做任何一件事情都需要专一,只要你专心致志,铁棒就一定能磨成针。”

李白听后很受启发。从此以后,他改掉了逃学的坏毛病,开始刻苦认真地学习,终于成了著名的大诗人。

课堂小讨论:同学们,“伤仲永”和铁杵磨成针”这两个故事,说明了什么道理呢?请同学们一起回忆一下自己和自己身边有哪些通过环境影响人的心性、习惯的例子。

总结:仲永小朋友在老师的教育下,饱读四书,所以他的表现很出色。后来,仲永的生活环境变成了达官贵人的府第,目的是为了赚钱,结果荒废了学业,改变了学习的心性,最后人也变得平平庸庸了。这说明他的教育不能专一,所以造成了不好的结局。

相反,李白小时候经常逃学,但是当他明白了做任何事情都要专心,才能有好结果时,于是他改掉了逃学的坏毛病,从此努力学习,最后成了我国著名的大诗人。

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